Top Ten Natural Nectar Plants
All the plants included in our 2018 Pollinator Plants Days are favorites, but here are 10 plants David Salman decided to highlight for their beauty, value to pollinators as sources of "natural nectar" and resilient performers in our high desert gardens of northern New Mexico.
Pollinator friendly plants are why late summer and fall gardens can be as colorful as spring time with a stunning display of flowers and seed heads. Agastache (hummingbird mint), Salvia (Sage), Zauschneria (Hummingbird Trumpet or Fire Chalice) as well as gorgeous ornamental grasses like Muhlenbergia reverchonii (Ruby Muhly) and Panicum (Prairie Switch grass) are all wonderful additions to the waterwise landscape as a source of natural nectar for pollinators and stunning colors to please gardeners.
Agastache "Ava' (Ava's Hummingbird Mint)
Agastache ‘Ava‘ is a hybrid of A. cana x A. barberi both native to the southwestern U.S and Mexico, ‘Ava’ was cutting propagated from a single seedling that appeared in one of my xeriscapes.. A tall, robust plant, ‘Ava’ inherited her height from A. barbari, a very tall species from northern Mexico. Flowers appear over a long June to September (sometimes to first hard frost) bloom period and are highly attractive to bees, hummingbirds and butterflies. Leaves have a mint scent, and may be used fresh or dry to flavor teas.48-60" tall x 24" wide ©Photo Waterwise Gardening, LLC
Agastache x 'Red Happiness' (Hybrid Hummingbird Mint)
A long blooming hybrid hummingbird mint introduced by David Salman. Found as a volunteer garden seedling in his Santa Fe garden, this long blooming perennial has exceptional garden resilience and aromatic foliage. Grows well in most any soil including compost amended clay. Sun Xeric Rabbit/Deer resistant and is a hummingbirds magnet. USDA zones 5-9
28-32 in. tall x 15-18 in. wide ©Photo Waterwise Gardening, LLC
Helianthus maximiliana 'Santa Fe' is a select form of this stunning fall blooming native wildflower. This plant is widely grown around the older parts of Albuquerque, Santa Fe (and elsewhere in NM) where it has been a "pass around" plant between neighbors for generations. About 16 years ago, David spotted an outstanding specimen in a neighborhood that he drives through to work. The plant was notable for its strong, upright, non-floppy growth habit and spectacular display of large golden yellow daisy-like flowers that were stacked tightly on the bloom spikes. He got permission to take some cuttings and the cultivar 'Santa Fe' was introduced the next year to the gardening public. Many growers start this perennial from seed, but the plants can be highly variable in both habit and the density and arrangement of the flowers. Generally, it's not a very tidy grower or a profuse bloomer. But 'Santa Fe' is a star and will light up your fall garden and bring the seed-eating songbirds to its seed heads later in the fall. 6-8' tall x 4' wide ©Photo Waterwise Gardening, LLC
Lavandula angustifolia Buena Vista' is unique and special for its extra long flowers spikes of very fragrant, distinctive dark purples and blue bi-colored flowers. And, this plant blooms twice per season! When promptly deadheaded by mid-summer, 'Buena Vista' will re-bloom in early fall.“Buena Vista’ was bred in Oregon and is a hard-to-find cultivar but not if you’re a WATERWISE Gardener.
18-24" tall x 18" wide ©Photo Waterwise Gardening, LLC
Monardella odoratissima 'Arizona Beauty' is a native western wildflower and this particular selection is from east central Arizona. Long blooming with lavender-pink puffball shaped flowers, this collection is from a lower elevation and is more wildly growable than the sub alpine forms known by rock gardening enthusiasts. Exceptional sweet minty herbal fragrance to the flowers and foliage. Eagerly sought out by native bees and butterflies. 4-6” tall x 12-15” wide. Cold hardy to zone 4. ©Photo Waterwise Gardening, LLC
Penstemon pinifolius 'Compactum' forms a low, bushy mound with green leaves that resemble pine needles. Tubular flame-orange flowers appear in early to midsummer, and are a magnet for hummingbirds. Because this plant is woody at the base, prune no lower than 4 inches in spring. Gorgeous in a rock garden or dry border, and looks particularly good with a mulch of gravel beneath. Evergreen in mild winter regions. Very drought tolerant once established. 10-12" tall x 12-18" wide
©Photo Waterwise Gardening, LLC
Salvia pachyphylla 'Blue Flame'
David selected 'Blue Flame' from the xeric sub-shrub Giant Purple Sage and chosen for its huge, brightly colored 10"+ long flowering spikes. The long tubular blue flowers poke through the rose-pink bracts attracting hummingbirds from the entire neighborhood. 24" tall x 24-30" wide.
©Photo Waterwise Gardening, LLC
Salvia Raspberry Delight® is one of David Salman’s best plant introductions. This stunning ever-blooming Salvia has a profusion of deeply-colored, raspberry-red flowers and deep green foliage with sweet herbal fragrance. Garden trials have shown it to be a fast, vigorous grower with excellent heat tolerance and cold hardiness. Blooms mid-summer summer through fall and cold hardy to zone 6. Deer and rabbit resistant and a hummingbird magnet. 36" tall x 36" wide. ©Photo Waterwise Gardening, LLC
Scutellaria 'Dark Violet'
This long-blooming native hybrid skullcap covers itself with a profusion of dark violet flowers held on short compact flower spikes. Scutellaria ‘Dark Violet’ blooms most of the summer and its neat, mounding habit enables ‘Dark Violet’ to be planted along the edges of hot, sunny paths. The hotter and harsher the growing conditions, the better it performs. This plant will stay compact. 6" tall x 10-15" wide and it is cold hardy to Zones 5. Introduced by David Salman in 2013. ©Photo Waterwise Gardening, LLC
Zauschneria garrettii Orange Carpet®
This superb Hummingbird Trumpet spreads like a groundcover and is perfect for slopes and cascading over the edges of raised beds. It blooms in mid-to-late summer it lights up the garden with a profusion of bright-orange flowers that hummingbirds adore. Introduced by David Salman in 2000, Orange Carpet originates from arid, mountains of southern Idaho and thrives in northern New Mexico gardens. Wait until spring to cut it back just above ground level so not to cause during dry winters. 4-6" tall x 15-18" wide
©Photo Waterwise Gardening, LLC